Critical thinking - Wikipedia


critical thinking techniques

Definition of critical thinking skills, why employers value them, and a list of the top critical thinking skills and keywords, with examples. Definition of critical thinking skills, why employers value them, and a list of the top critical thinking skills and keywords, with examples. While notions of what constitutes critical thinking vary, educators, politicians, and employers all agree that critical thinking skills are necessary for well-educated citizens and a Cited by: Most of us are not what we could be. We are less. We have great capacity. But most of it is dormant; most is undeveloped. Improvement in thinking is like improvement in basketball, in ballet, or in playing the saxophone. It is unlikely to take place in the absence of a conscious commitment to learn.

Critical Thinking Definition, Skills, and Examples

Click Here for our professional translations. Most of us are not what we could be. We are less. We have great capacity.

But most of it is dormant; most is undeveloped. Improvement in thinking is like improvement in basketball, in ballet, critical thinking techniques, or in playing the saxophone.

It is unlikely to take place in the absence of a conscious commitment to learn, critical thinking techniques. Development in thinking requires a gradual process requiring plateaus of learning and just plain hard work.

It is not possible to become an excellent thinker simply because one wills it. The essential traits of a critical thinker require an extended period of development. How, then, can we develop as critical thinkers? How can we help ourselves and our students to practice better thinking in everyday life? First, we must understand that there are stages required for development as a critical thinker:. In this article, we will explain 9 strategies that any motivated person can use to develop as a thinker.

As we explain the strategy, we will describe it as if we were talking directly to such a person. Further details to our descriptions may need to be added for those who know little about critical thinking. Here are the critical thinking techniques There is nothing magical about our ideas. No one of them is essential. Nevertheless, each represents a plausible way to begin to do something concrete to improve thinking in a regular way.

All humans waste some time; that is, fail to use all of their time productively or even pleasurably. Sometimes we jump from one diversion to another, without enjoying any of them. Sometimes we become irritated about matters beyond our control. Sometimes we worry unproductively. Sometimes we spend time regretting what is past. Sometimes we just stare off blankly into space. So why not take advantage of the time you normally waste by practicing your critical thinking during that otherwise wasted time?

For example, instead of sitting in front of the TV at the end of the day flicking from channel to channel in a vain search for a program worth watching, spend that time, or at least part of it, critical thinking techniques, thinking back over your day and critical thinking techniques your strengths and weaknesses.

For example, you might ask yourself questions like these:. When did I do my worst thinking today? When did I do my best? What in fact did I think about today? Did I figure anything out? Did I allow any negative thinking to frustrate me unnecessarily? If I had to repeat today what would I do differently? Did I do anything today to further my long-term goals?

Did I act in accordance with my own expressed values? If I spent every day this way for 10 years, would I at the end have accomplished something worthy of that time? It would be important of course to take a little time with each question. It would also be useful to record your observations so that you are forced to spell out details and be explicit in what you recognize and see.

As time passes, critical thinking techniques, you will notice patterns in your thinking, critical thinking techniques. At the beginning of each day perhaps driving to work or going to school choose a problem to work on when you have free moments.

Figure out the logic of the problem by identifying its elements. In other words, systematically think through the questions: What exactly is the problem? How can I put it into the form of a question. How does it relate to my goals, purposes, and needs? Third Strategy: Internalize Intellectual Standards. Each week, develop a heightened awareness critical thinking techniques one of the universal intellectual standards clarity, critical thinking techniques, precision, accuracy, relevance, critical thinking techniques, depth, breadth, logicalness, significance.

Critical thinking techniques one critical thinking techniques on clarity, the next on accuracy, etc. For example, if you are focusing on clarity for the week, try to notice when you are being unclear in communicating with others.

Notice when others are unclear in what they are saying. When you are reading, notice whether you are clear about what you are reading. When you orally express or write out your views for whatever reasonask yourself whether you are clear about what you are trying to say.

In doing this, critical thinking techniques, of course, focus on four techniques of clarification : 1 Stating what you are saying explicitly and precisely with careful consideration given to your choice of words2 Elaborating on your meaning in other words, 3 Giving examples of what you mean from experiences you have had, and 4 Using analogiesmetaphors, pictures, or diagrams to illustrate what you mean.

You will regularly ask others to do the same. Each week, write out a certain number of journal entries. Use the following format keeping each numbered stage separate :.

Strategy Five: Reshape Your Character. Choose one intellectual traitintellectual perseverance, autonomy, empathy, courage, humility, etc. For example, concentrating on intellectual humility, begin to notice when you admit you are wrong.

Notice when you refuse to admit you are wrong, even in the face of glaring evidence that you are in fact wrong. Notice when you become defensive when another person tries to point out a deficiency in your work, or your thinking, critical thinking techniques. Who does he think he is forcing his opinions on me? Strategy Six: Deal with Your Egocentrism.

Egocentric thinking is found in the disposition in human nature to think with an automatic subconscious bias in favor of oneself. On a daily basis, you can begin to observe your egocentric thinking in action by contemplating questions like these: Under what circumstances do I think critical thinking techniques a bias in favor of myself? Did I ever become irritable over small things?

Did I try critical thinking techniques impose my will upon others? Did I ever fail to speak my mind when I felt strongly about something, critical thinking techniques, and then later feel resentment?

Once you identify egocentric thinking in operation, you can then work to replace it with more rational thought through systematic self-reflection, thinking along the lines of: What would a rational person feel in this or that situation? What would a rational person do? How does that compare critical thinking techniques what I want to do? Hint: If you find that you continually conclude that a rational person would behave just as you behaved you are critical thinking techniques engaging in self-deception.

How a situation is defined determines not only how we feel about it, but also how we act in critical thinking techniques, and what implications it has for us. However, virtually every situation can be defined in more than one way. This fact carries with it tremendous opportunities. In principle, it lies within your power and mine to make our lives more happy and fulfilling than they are. Many of the negative definitions that we give to situations in our lives could in principle be transformed into positive ones.

We can be happy when otherwise we would have been sad. We can be fulfilled when otherwise we would have been frustrated. In this strategy, we practice redefining the way we see things, turning negatives into positives, dead-ends into new beginnings, mistakes into opportunities critical thinking techniques learn.

To make this strategy practical, we should create some specific guidelines for ourselves. For critical thinking techniques, we might make ourselves a list of five to ten recurrent negative contexts in which we feel frustrated, angry, unhappy, or worried. We could then identify the definition in each case that is at the root of the negative emotion.

We would then choose a plausible alternative definition for each and then plan for our new responses as well as new emotions. If there be one, think til you find it.

If there be none, then never mind it. Strategy Eight: Get in touch with your emotions: Whenever you feel some negative emotion, systematically ask yourself: What, exactly, is the thinking leading to this emotion? For example, if you are angry, ask yourself, what is the thinking that is making me angry? What other ways could I think about this situation? For example, can you think about the situation so as to see the humor in it and what is pitiable in it?

If you can, concentrate on that thinking and your emotions will eventually shift to match it. Strategy Nine: Analyze group influences on your life: Closely analyze the behavior that is encouraged, and discouraged, in the groups to which you belong. For any given group, what are you "required" to believe? What are you "forbidden" to do? Every group enforces some level of conformity.

Most people live much too much within the view of themselves projected by others. Discover what pressure you are critical thinking techniques to and think explicitly about whether or not to reject that pressure. Conclusion: The key point to keep in mind when devising strategies is that you are engaged in a personal experiment.


7 Ways to Improve Your Critical Thinking Skills


critical thinking techniques


Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgement. The subject is complex, and several different definitions exist, which generally include the rational, skeptical, unbiased analysis, or evaluation of factual evidence. Critical thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking. May 14,  · Critical thinking is the place to start. Critical thinking is the attempt to overcome your own biases by carefully evaluating claims, observation, and experience. It is an active skill that seeks clarity, credibility, accuracy, relevance, fairness, and significance. Great! But how can we think critically? Here are 16 basic techniques of. For this reason, the development of critical thinking skills and dispositions is a life-long endeavor. Another Brief Conceptualization of Critical Thinking. Critical thinking is self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way.